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analogy Definitions

noun

the correspondence of a word or phrase with the genius of a language, as learned from the manner in which its words and phrases are ordinarily formed; similarity of derivative or inflectional processes.

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Examples include analogy

  • a good part of my job is educating the customer. i use the analogy of an oil change on a car: you don’t technically have to change the oil, but the car will run better and will be less expensive in the long run if you keep up with regular maintenance. i keep spare shocks and forks on hand to use as examples, so i can show a customer how they work. bls.gov

  • more recently, the vietnam analogy has been used repeatedly over many years to argue against an activist us foreign policy. for example, some used the vietnam analogy to argue against us participation in the gulf war--a flawed analogy because the operating terrain over which battles were fought was completely different in kuwait/iraq and much more in our favor there as compared with vietnam. cia.gov

  • what is the significance for you? the enemy has been identified. i hate this analogy. it was probably a very poor choice when i gave a talk in the middle east, and i gave an analogy of smart bombs, but i will use that analogy nevertheless. the analogy is carpet bombing, which is chemotherapy. this was done in the second world war, and when you wanted to hit the target you had to hit the whole area. we are now moving to targeted therapy because of one simple reason. we know the target. we know where to hit. the enemy has been identified and once we have identified the enemy, drugs that are specific to deal with this enemy, and as a consequence have limited collateral damage, have been developed. everydayhealth.com

  • your goal in solving an analogy is to find a word that correctly completes the second pair. at first glance the words in an analogy may seem to have nothing to do with each other, but the words are always logically related. both pairs of words have the same kind of relationship. to solve the analogy you need to find that relationship. read the analogy like this: factmonster.com

  • another sort of john ware analogy here — he uses this very elegant ruler analogy to looking at a system where at the different levels for population monitoring, group level outcomes monitoring, and patient level management it is all part of one system, just the granularity changes for the specific type of measurement. hhs.gov

  • your goal in solving an analogy is to find a word that correctly completes the second pair. at first glance the words in an analogy may seem to have nothing to do with each other, but the words are always logically related. both pairs of words have the same kind of relationship. to solve the analogy you need to find that relationship. read the analogy like this: infoplease.com

  • brzezinski: that was the analogy. when you do a pap smear you are looking for early changes that are called dysplasia to make a diagnosis. in the colon we also look for changes in the cells called dysplasia because if we find dysplasia, then we know that the risk of colon cancer is significantly increased. that was just an analogy of how we look for cellular markers in different organs to decrease the risk of cancer in that organ. by no means was i trying to imply an increased risk of cervical cancer associated with ulcerative colitis. medicinenet.com

  • ninety‐six patients with rheumatic diseases taking an originator biologic were randomised to receive one of four biosimilar explanations -- positive framing with and without an analogy, and negative framing with and without an analogy. willingness to switch to a biosimilar, perceptions about biosimilars, and the effectiveness of the explanation were measured after the information delivery. medpagetoday.com

  • many medical students have an analogy to share with people who ask what medical school is like.  my analogy is that medical school is like a 1000 piece puzzle that someone has dropped on the floor.  in order to pass the theme and move forward, you must pick up all (or most) of the pieces.  some medical students stay on top of their work, learning throughout the theme, picking up a few pieces every day.  other students finally put the information together as the theme comes to a close, picking up most of the pieces at the last minute.  both methods work; it just depends on the student’s preferences. merckmanuals.com

  • there is a rough analogy to the national institutes of health's (nih) decision-making process, with respect to research grant awards. namely, the relative scientific merit of individual grant applications is determined by study sections in the same way journals are evaluated by lstrc, while the mixture of types of research grants or types of journals is determined independently by council or board according to considerations of program relevance. consonant with this principle, the lstrc frequently incorporates the review and advice of outside experts in the subject area. as a result of these reviews, currently indexed titles may be dropped and new titles added. nih.gov