the dialect of dhegiha spoken by these people.
any member of a native american people who once lived in the arkansas river valley.
native american nations and groups abenakiakimel o'odham (pima)alabama-coushattaaleutapachearapahoarikaraarkansas (quapaw)assiniboinblackfootcaddocanarseecatawbacayuga. see iroquois confederacycayusecherokeecheyennechickasawchippewa (ojibwa)choctawcoeur d'alenecolvillecomanchecreecreekcrowdakota (sioux)delawarediné. seenavajoerie"eskimo" groupsfox. see sac and foxgros ventrehaidahidatsahoopahopihuronillinoisiroquois confederacykalispelkansakickapookiowaklamathklallamkootenaikwakiutllumbeemahicanmandanmanhattanmassachusettmenomineemiamimicmacmodocmohavemohawk. see iroquois confederacymoheganmontagnais and naskapimuskogee. see creeknarragansettnatcheznavajonez percéojibwa (chippewa)okanoganomahaoneida. see iroquois confederacyonondaga. see iroquois confederacyosageotoottawapaiutepapago (tohono o'odham)pawneepenobscotpequotpima (akimel o'odham)pomoponcapotawatomipowhatan confederacypuebloquapaw (arkansas)quechan. see yumasac and foxsalishsauk. see sac and foxseminoleseneca. see iroquois confederacyshawneeshoshoneshuswapsioux (dakota)spokanstockbridgetillamooktlingittohono o'odham (papago)tsimshiantuscarora. see iroquois confederacyutewampanoagwichitawinnebagoyakimayamaseeyuma factmonster.com
a people known as the bluff dwellers, who inhabited caves, probably lived in the arkansas area before 500. they were followed by the mound builders, who received their name from the mounds they constructed, apparently for ceremonial purposes. the first europeans to arrive in arkansas (1541–42) were probably members of the spanish expedition under hernando de soto. later the french explorers jacques marquette and louis jolliet came s along the mississippi to the mouth of the arkansas river. a number of native american groups, such as the osage, quapaw, and caddo, lived in the vicinity. infoplease.com