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xerostomia Definitions

noun

abnormal dryness of the mouth.

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xerostomia thesaurus

hyposalivationdry mouthcottonmouthasialism

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  • “people with xerostomia (abnormal dryness of the mouth) might use this kind of mouth rinse, and there are other reasons, like dental caries (cavities),” says henshaw. severe dry mouth can lead to a change in the bacterial balance of your mouth, while too much bad bacteria can lead to tooth decay. fluoride mouth rinses can help prevent these problems. everydayhealth.com

  • dr. foote also has research interests in the prevention and management of acute and chronic effects of radiation such as, mucositis, xerostomia and carotid artery stenosis. much of his research has been conducted in collaboration with the mayo clinic cancer center, north central cancer treatment group and the radiation therapy oncology group. mayoclinic.org

  • xerostomia: dry mouth. xerostomia can be associated with systemic diseases, such as sjogren's syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, and rheumatoid arthritis; and it can be a side effect of medication and poor dental hygiene. xerostomia results from inadequate function of the salivary glands, such as the parotid glands. treatment involves adequate intake of water, use of artificial saliva, and good dental care. untreated, severe dry mouth can lead to increased levels of tooth decay and thrush. medicinenet.com

  • uncontrolled type 1 diabetes can lead to a life-threatening complication called diabetic ketoacidosis. without insulin, cells cannot take in glucose. a lack of glucose in cells prompts the liver to try to compensate by releasing more glucose into the blood, and blood sugar can become extremely high. the cells, unable to use the glucose in the blood for energy, respond by using fats instead. breaking down fats to obtain energy produces waste products called ketones, which can build up to toxic levels in people with type 1 diabetes, resulting in diabetic ketoacidosis. affected individuals may begin breathing rapidly; develop a fruity odor in the breath; and experience nausea, vomiting, facial flushing, stomach pain, and dryness of the mouth (xerostomia). in severe cases, diabetic ketoacidosis can lead to coma and death. medlineplus.gov

  • however, the significant difference in adverse effects seen in patients who received ipsilateral treatment were compelling. these patients experienced a 50% reduction in moderate to severe treatment side effects compared with those treated with bilateral radiotherapy. this included all radiotherapy-induced morbidity -- xerostomia, dysphagia, hoarseness, atrophy, and edema -- with the exception of fibrosis. medpagetoday.com

  • a modest decrease in saliva production occurs with age and can be decreased further by some drugs. the decrease in saliva causes dry mouth (xerostomia). the gums may get thinner and begin to recede. xerostomia and receding gums increase the likelihood of cavities. some experts also believe that xerostomia may make the lining of the esophagus more susceptible to injury. merckmanuals.com