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xinjiang Definitions

name

a sparsely populated autonomous region (official english language name: xinjiang uygur autonomous region) of the people's republic of china located in the western part of the nation.

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east turkistaneast turkestanchinese turkestansinkiang

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  • the interagency intelligence memorandum described such an undertaking by the soviets as a "multidivisional operation" requiring more than the four ground force divisions and one airborne division (the 105th ) based in the turkestan military district. it noted that some additional divisions could be drawn from the nearby central asian military district opposite the xinjiang province of china, but said the soviets probably would be reluctant to weaken their position there. "an operation of this magnitude would therefore require the re-deployment of forces--and their supporting elements--from western and central [ussr] military districts, in addition to those near the soviet-afghan border," according to the assessment.89 cia.gov

  • xinjiang has had a turbulent history. some of the earliest known inhabitants, from c.4,000 years ago, have been found mummified in the region's deserts and appear to be of caucasoid origin, possibly ancient tokharians. xinjiang first passed under chinese rule in the 1st cent. bc, when the emperor wu ti sent a chinese army to defeat the huns and occupy the region. in the 2d cent. ad, china lost xinjiang to the uzbek confederation but reoccupied it in the mid-7th cent. it was conquered (8th cent.) by the tibetans, overrun by the uigurs, who established a kingdom there, and subsequently invaded (10th cent.) by the arabs. xinjiang passed to the mongols in the 13th cent. an anarchic period followed until the manchus established (1756) loose control. factmonster.com

  • xinjiang has had a turbulent history. some of the earliest known inhabitants, from c.4,000 years ago, have been found mummified in the region's deserts and appear to be of caucasoid origin, possibly ancient tokharians. xinjiang first passed under chinese rule in the 1st cent. bc, when the emperor wu ti sent a chinese army to defeat the huns and occupy the region. in the 2d cent. ad, china lost xinjiang to the uzbek confederation but reoccupied it in the mid-7th cent. it was conquered (8th cent.) by the tibetans, overrun by the uigurs, who established a kingdom there, and subsequently invaded (10th cent.) by the arabs. xinjiang passed to the mongols in the 13th cent. an anarchic period followed until the manchus established (1756) loose control. infoplease.com

  • "with the recent reports of h7n9 infections in xinjiang in the far northwest of china, it is probable that the h7n9 virus is now present across most of china," the study authors wrote. "as this virus does not cause obvious symptoms in chickens and only limited surveillance has been conducted, the prevalence of this virus is likely to be higher than we document here," they added. medicinenet.com

  • the single-visit method had a sensitivity of 96% (95% ci 91.6-100) compared with pap testing alone (76%, 95% ci 66.3-85.7, p<0.001) or visual inspection with acetic acid (48%, 95% ci 36.7-59.3, p<0.001) in detecting cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (cin) 2 or worse lesions, reported wen jie zhang, md, of shihezi university school of medicine in xinjiang, china, and colleagues. medpagetoday.com

  • two clinical centers (shanxi cancer hospital and tumor hospital affiliated to xinjiang medical university) in shanxi and xinjiang provinces, the districts with higher incidence of escc in china, participated in this study. wgs was performed on 508 pairs of escc tumors and matched adjacent noncancerous esophagus tissues (referred to as 508-wgs cohort). the cohort contains tumor samples collected at the time of diagnosis and includes 437 cases from han population of shanxi cohort and 71 cases from kazak population of xinjiang cohort (supplementary information, tables s1−s3). all tumors were therapy naïve. nih.gov