a triptan used in the acute treatment of migraine attacks.
after using the nasal spray: if your headache goes away and comes back, use a second dose two (2) hours after the first. do not use more than 10 mg of zolmitriptan in 24 hours. if your headache does not completely go away, call your doctor before using a second dose of zolmitriptan. everydayhealth.com
zolmitriptan is a drug for treating migraine headaches. migraine headaches are believed to result from dilation of the blood vessels in the brain. zolmitriptan causes constriction of the blood vessels and thereby relieves the pain of a migraine headache. while zolmitriptan is very effective in relieving migraine headaches, it does not prevent or reduce the number of headaches if taken prophylactically. its mechanism of action and effectiveness are similar to those of sumatriptan (imitrex). zolmitriptan was approved by the fda in november of 1997. medicinenet.com
zolmitriptan comes as a spray to inhale through the nose. it is usually used at the first sign of a migraine headache. if your symptoms improve after you use zolmitriptan but return after 2 hours or longer, you may use a second dose of zolmitriptan. however, if your symptoms do not improve after you use zolmitriptan, do not use a second dose without talking to your doctor. follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. use zolmitriptan exactly as directed. do not use more or less of it or use it more often than prescribed by your doctor. medlineplus.gov
triptan drugs increase levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin in the brain. serotonin causes blood vessels to constrict and lowers the pain threshold. triptans -- the preferred treatment for migraine -- ease moderate to severe migraine pain and are available as tablets, nasal sprays, and injections. currently available triptans include sumatriptan, zolmitriptan, naratriptan, rizatriptan, almotriptan, eletriptan, and frovatriptan. sumatriptan is available as a subcutaneous injection (usually administered by autoinjector in the thigh), as a nasal spray, as a nasal powder, or orally. zolmitriptan is also available for both nasal and oral use; the others are available for oral use only. medpagetoday.com