Wordigg

zoster Definitions

noun

the disease called herpes zoster (from the typically beltlike pattern of its rash); shingles.

Discover More the word zoster

Scrabble the word zoster

zoster thesaurus

Examples include zoster

  • for some viruses and bacteria, airborne transmission is a highly efficient mode for spreading infection. examples include mycobacterium tuberculosis (the bacterium that causes tuberculosis), rubeola (the virus that causes measles), and varicella-zoster (the virus that causes chicken pox). although these infections can be transmitted at close range, they are also efficiently and frequently transmitted over longer distances (i.e., more than six feet) or over longer times (i.e., to people passing through an air space in which the infectious person was present minutes to hours earlier). it is especially important to control pathogens that readily infect by means of airborne transmission in healthcare and other occupational settings where special engineering controls are required to prevent spread (e.g., negative-pressure airborne infection isolation rooms, high efficiency respirators). cdc.gov

  • shingles, also called herpes zoster or zoster, is caused by the varicella zoster virus, which also causes chickenpox, and is a painful skin rash that can be accompanied by blisters either on the face or upper body. it only occurs in those who have had chickenpox — the virus stays dormant in the body and can flare up as shingles many years later. everydayhealth.com

  • herpes simplex virus can now be treated by a highly selective drug, acyclovir (zovirax), that interferes with an enzyme critical to the growth of the dna chain. although not a cure, the drug lessens the frequency and severity of outbreaks. acyclovir is also used to lessen the pain and speed the healing of herpes zoster (shingles). factmonster.com

  • studies show we can have severe allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis to medications and vaccinations. “anaphylaxis after zoster vaccine: implicating alpha-gal allergy as a possible mechanism” dec 2016 (3) “anaphylaxis after vaccination in a pediatric patient: further implicating alpha-gal allergy” june 2018 (4) “alpha-gal found to be both a medication and red meat allergy” april 2018 (5) hhs.gov

  • herpes simplex virus can now be treated by a highly selective drug, acyclovir (zovirax), that interferes with an enzyme critical to the growth of the dna chain. although not a cure, the drug lessens the frequency and severity of outbreaks. acyclovir is also used to lessen the pain and speed the healing of herpes zoster (shingles). infoplease.com

  • si has tenido varicela, te encuentras en riesgo de padecer una complicación denominada herpes zoster. el virus de la varicela zoster permanece en las células de los nervios después de que se ha curado la infección de la piel. muchos años después, el virus puede reactivarse y resurgir como herpes zoster, un grupo de dolorosas ampollas de poca duración. es más probable que el virus reaparezca en adultos mayores y en personas con sistemas inmunitarios debilitados. mayoclinic.org

  • zoster vaccine contains live, attenuated (weakened) varicella-zoster virus (vzv). varicella-zoster causes chickenpox and then becomes dormant in nerves. vzv reactivates and causes herpes zoster (shingles or zoster) later in life (usually 60 years of age or older) when immunity against vzv declines. zoster vaccine stimulates the immune system to develop immunity against vzv. the fda approved zoster vaccine in may 2006. medicinenet.com

  • esta es una imagen del herpes zoster (culebrilla) en el tórax. la enfermedad es causada por el mismo virus de la varicela. cuando el zoster brota, sigue el trayecto de los nervios de la piel. este patrón de distribución que se observa aquí sigue el trayecto de un dermatoma. en esta fotografía se observa claramente la distribución lineal del nervio en la piel. medlineplus.gov

  • researchers continued to examine the role of inactivated vaccines against herpes zoster in patients with solid tumor malignancies. a study published in august found that an inactivated varicella zoster virus vaccine was effective, meeting pre-specified criteria for preventing confirmed herpes zoster infection in patients with solid tumor malignancies who were receiving chemotherapy. however, the vaccine was not effective in patients with hematologic malignancies. medpagetoday.com

  • the herpes zoster vaccine (for boosting immunity to prevent reactivation as zoster) could be useful in hiv-infected adults. the original live-attenuated zoster vaccine is contraindicated in patients with a weakened immune system and if the cd4 count is < 200/mcl. however, the newer recombinant zoster vaccine is not contraindicated in patients with hiv, but recommendations regarding its use in these patients have not yet been made (see cdc 2019 adult conditions immunization schedule). merckmanuals.com

  • abbreviations: cap, community-acquired pneumonia; clia, clinical laboratory improvement amendments; esi-tof, electrospray ionization time-of-flight; hap, hospital-associated pneumonia; hiv-1, human immunodeficiency virus type 1; hsv-1/2, herpes simplex viruses 1 and 2; kpc, klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase; lamp, loop-mediated amplification; maldi-tof ms, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry; mers-cov, middle eastern respiratory syndrome coronavirus; ndm-1, new delhi metallo-β-lactamase 1; pcr, polymerase chain reaction; poc, point-of-care; rsv, respiratory syncytial virus; vap, ventilator-associated pneumonia; vzv, varicella zoster virus. nih.gov